The development of
a child goes through many stages. Children learn about many things
after being born. This learning occurs when they interact with the world
and make a sense of it like learning how to sit, walk and then run.
Learning about how to recognize people, place and things. The first step
towards all this is taken by playing with toys.
Experiential learning: Kids are not born with the
knowledge about gravity. Playing with toys initiates this learning. Kids
accidentally let go of a rattle and notice that it falls to the floor
and there & then the game of “Drop the toy” begins. They drop, you
pick, they drop, you pick till the time you are willing to play. While
deriving immense pleasure by doing this over and over again they also
learn that anything which is dropped will fall down only. They practice
this “experiment” and play this game with everything they touch which
includes their food bowl.
Children exercise their muscles with toys. Next time you see children
rocking horses or riding bikes, notice the muscles they are using.Think
of the coordination and balance they practice when they climb to the top
of the jungle gym or the muscle control they develop when they put one
more block on the tower without it falling down.
Develops imagination: Toys also invite children to
create and use their imaginations. Give an empty cardboard box to a
child and watch all the things it becomes – a train, house, or cage at
the zoo. Children start many play times with “Let’s pretend…” and toys
Builds self-confidence: As children master their
toys – as they finish a puzzle, ride a trike, or blow a bubble – they
develop a sense of power. They say, “I can do this. Look at me.” As a
caregiver, you often may find children want to show you what they can do
with their toys. It is important to recognize their accomplishments.
When an adult pays attention to children’s play, they feel worthwhile
and gain self-confidence. Their self-concepts grow stronger.
Develops friendship: Children often talk more easily
to one another over toys. Playing with toys in a group helps children
discover how others think and feel and what brings approval or
disapproval. They learn what happens when they share the truck they are
playing with or when they refuse to share and the truck is taken from
Channelize energy and discover emotions: Children
have lots of energy. It may not be okay for them to use their energy to
jump on the bed, but it is almost always okay for them to use it to ride
a truck or bike. Toys also are useful as a way to deal with working
through emotional conflict or anger. Splashing water or pounding play
dough can help children release tension.