The development of a child goes through many stages. Children learn about many things after being born. This learning occurs when they interact with the world and make a sense of it like learning how to sit, walk and then run. Learning about how to recognize people, place and things. The first step towards all this is taken by playing with toys.
Experiential learning: Kids are not born with the knowledge about gravity. Playing with toys initiates this learning. Kids accidentally let go of a rattle and notice that it falls to the floor and there & then the game of “Drop the toy” begins. They drop, you pick, they drop, you pick till the time you are willing to play. While deriving immense pleasure by doing this over and over again they also learn that anything which is dropped will fall down only. They practice this “experiment” and play this game with everything they touch which includes their food bowl.
Muscular development: Children exercise their muscles with toys. Next time you see children rocking horses or riding bikes, notice the muscles they are using.Think of the coordination and balance they practice when they climb to the top of the jungle gym or the muscle control they develop when they put one more block on the tower without it falling down.
Develops imagination: Toys also invite children to create and use their imaginations. Give an empty cardboard box to a child and watch all the things it becomes – a train, house, or cage at the zoo. Children start many play times with “Let’s pretend…” and toys encourage this.
Builds self-confidence: As children master their toys – as they finish a puzzle, ride a trike, or blow a bubble – they develop a sense of power. They say, “I can do this. Look at me.” As a caregiver, you often may find children want to show you what they can do with their toys. It is important to recognize their accomplishments. When an adult pays attention to children’s play, they feel worthwhile and gain self-confidence. Their self-concepts grow stronger.
Develops friendship: Children often talk more easily to one another over toys. Playing with toys in a group helps children discover how others think and feel and what brings approval or disapproval. They learn what happens when they share the truck they are playing with or when they refuse to share and the truck is taken from them.
Channelize energy and discover emotions: Children have lots of energy. It may not be okay for them to use their energy to jump on the bed, but it is almost always okay for them to use it to ride a truck or bike. Toys also are useful as a way to deal with working through emotional conflict or anger. Splashing water or pounding play dough can help children release tension.